Saturday, December 08, 2007

Mawlana Muhammad Ilyas Mawlana Rasheed Ahmad Gangohi

http://zakariyya.wordpress.com/2007/12/01/mawlana-muhammad-ilyas-and-his-relationship-with-mawlana-rashid-ahmad-gangohi/

Hadhrat Mawlana Sayyad Abu ‘l-Hasan ‘Ali al-Nadwi (rh) writes concerning Hadhrat Mawlana Muhammad Ilyas’ (rh) stay at Gangoh, in the company of Hadhrat Mawlana Rasheed Ahmad Gangohi (rh), during his childhood and teenage years:

In 1893, his elder brother, Muhammad Yahya, went to live at Gangoh with
Mawlana Rasheed Ahmad Gangohi. Mawlana Muhammad Ilyas used to live with his
father at Nizamuddin, and sometimes, with his maternal grand-father’s family at
Kandhla. At Nizamuddin, his education was being neglected owing to the
over-fondness of his father and his own excessive occupation with prayers.
Mawlana Yahya thus requested his father that as the education of Muhammad Ilyas
was suffering, he might be allowed to take him to Gangoh. The father agreed and
Mawlana Muhammad Ilyas came to Gangoh in 1896 or early 1897 where Muhammad Yahya began to teach him regularly.

Gangoh, in those days, was the seat of Sufi-saints and savants, the benefit
of whose company was constantly available to Mawlana Muhammad Ilyas. A greater
part of his impressionable age was spent there. When he went to live at Gangoh,
he was 10 or 11 years old, and at the time of Mawlana Rasheed Ahmad Gangohi’s
death, in 1905, he was a young-man of about 20. Thus, he stayed with Mawlana
Gangohi for about 9 years.

Mawlana Muhammad Yahya was an ideal teacher and benefactor. He wanted his
brother to derive the utmost advantage from the society of these illustrious
men. Mawlana Muhammad Ilyas used to say that when the ’Ulama who had been the favourite pupils or disciples of Maulana Gangohi came to Gangoh, his brother
would often stop the lessons and say that his education, then, lay in sitting
with them and listening to their conversation.

Usually, Mawlana Gangohi did not take bay’ah from children and students. It
was only when they had completed their education that he allowed them to take
the pledge. But owing to the exceptional merit of Mawlana Muhammad Ilyas, he, at
his request, permitted him to do the bay’ah at his hand.

Mawlana Muhammad Ilyas had been born with a loving heart. Such a strong
attachment did he develop for Mawlana Gangohi that he felt no peace without him.
He would, often, get up in the night, go and see Mawlana Gangohi’s face, and
return to his bed. Mawlana Gangohi too, had great affection for him. Once
Mawlana Muhammad Ilyas told his brother, Mawlana Muhammad Yahya, that if the
Mawlana consented, he would sit near him while studying. As Mawlana Muhammad
Yahya conveyed the request to Mawlana Gangohi, he remarked,

”there is no harm in it. My privacy will not be disturbed by the presence of
Ilyas, nor will it affect the peace of my mind.”

At the time of dhikr, Mawlana Muhammad Ilyas used to feel a sort of load on
his heart. When he mentioned it to Mawlana Gangohi, the Mawlana shuddered. He
said that,

”Mawlana Muhammad Qasim [Nanautwi] had complained of a similar feeling to
Haji Imdadullah, upon which Haji Sahib had observed that Allah was going to take
some special service from him.”

A page further, Mawlana Sayyad Abu ‘l-Hasan al-Nadwi writes:

The death of Mawlana Gangohi occured in 1905. Mawlana Muhammad Ilyas who was at his bedside during the dying moments and reciting the Surah of Ya-sin was so
deeply affected by it that he used to often say, ”two shocks have been most
painful to me. One was the death of my father, and the other, the death of
Mawlana Rasheed Ahmad Gangohi.”

In 1908. Mawlana Muhammad Ilyas went to Deoband where he studied [the Jami’
of Imam] Tirmidhi and Sahih Bukhari from [Shaykh al-Hind] Mawlana Mahmood Hasan.


The latter advised him to approach Mawlana Khalil Ahmad Saharanpuri for
spiritual guidance and instruction, since his mentor, Mawlana Rasheed Ahmad
Gangohi, was no more, and thus, he completed the various stages of sulook under
Mawlana Saharanpuri’s supervision.



Life and Mission of Mawlana Muhammad Ilyas, Pages 8-11 (Academy of Islamic
Research and Publications)

Note: The spellings of certains words have been changed when reproducing these passages .

Wednesday, October 31, 2007

New template

Assalamu Alaikum Wa Rahmatullahi Wa Barakatuhu,

The previous template wasn't working anymore, so I updated the blog with a new one.

Once again, I'm asking all visitors, if you want your blog or site to be linked up on here, please drop a comment with the blog Title, Description and URL.

Jazakumullah.

Dua me yaad.

Wassalam

Monday, August 27, 2007

Five Groups of People during Ramadan

Source - Al Haadi

Ramadan is the month of fasting, standing, generosity, self-evaluation, patience and the Qur'aan. Indeed there are many groups and paths regarding the month of Ramadan. Let's see which group we belong to.

The first group:

is a group that sees Ramadan as a time of restrictions and preventions; a time of prohibitions from desires and lust. They do not comprehend the benefits of Ramadan. You will find them lazy and tired. They fast with great difficulties while continuing in backbiting, lying and other sins. They see the fast as nothing more than an obstacle in front of their desires.

As for the second group:

it is a group that sees the month of amadan as a month of food and drink. Most of their time is consumed going and coming from the grocery store purchasing food for themselves, families and guests. Ramadan doesn't increase them except in appetite. We know that consuming lots of foods will cause fatigue and laziness. The worst thing that the sons of Adam can fill is their stomachs. In addition, some from amongst them actually gain weight in Ramadan.

As for the third group:

they know nothing of Ramadan except that it is obligatory. Neither the days nor the nights are spent in worship rather they might not even perform the five daily prayers. They awaken with Allah's displeasure and sleep with Allah's displeasure.

As for the fourth group:

it is a group who does not know Allah except and until the month of Ramadan. They attend the Jumu'ah prayer, frequent the Masjid and the women wear the hijaab for the duration of Ramadan. And when the month is over all of those good deeds come to end, that is until the next Ramadan.

As for the fifth group:

this group is a group who can not wait for the arrival of Ramadan. And when it comes they roll up their sleeves even more and they work as hard as they can. This month rejuvenates and strengthens them.

Evaluate yourself. Which group do you belong to?

Tuesday, July 17, 2007

Saints

by Mufti Ebrahim Desai

Allah Ta’ala has created mankind solely for His worship. Together with that, Allah Ta’ala has created in man desires which may lead him to his disobedience. When a Muslim restrains himself from these desires which lead him to the disobedience of Allah as well as he combats the whisperings of Shaytaan and devotes himself to the worship of Allah Ta’ala and shuns committing sins, then Allah Ta’ala draws this servant close to Him and after some time, blesses Him with his ‘nisbat’ (close relationship) and make him a Wali (saint or close servant of Allah).

These special servants enjoy a special relationship with Allah Ta’ala which other people do not. Any person may become the Wali of Allah Ta’ala if he threads the right path, carries out the commands of Allah Ta’ala and refrains from those things which Allah has ordained Haraam (forbidden). The Awliyaa (plural of Wali) are of no fixed number and are existant throughout the world. From amongst the Awliyaa, Allah Ta’ala has selected forty special and extremely pious servants who are called the Abdaal. In each time and era, the number of Abdaal will always remain forty. They are called Abdaal because the word Abdaal means ‘replacements’ so, when one of the Abdaal passes away, he is substituted and replaced by another so that at all times they number forty. Their task in this world is to invite people to the oneness of Allah Ta’ala and to ward off hardships from people. No one knows who the Abdaal are except for a few selected individuals from whom Allah Ta’ala wishes to inform. The Abdaal are mostly based in Syria, however, they may be found in any part of the world.

There exists another group of special servants of Allah Ta’ala who are known as the ‘Awtaad’ which can be loosely translated as pegs. There are only four Awtaad in every time and era. The reason why they are called Awtaad (pegs) is because they resemble the pegs of a tent. Just as how a tent needs 4 pegs for it to remain firmly erect, similarly, the earth needs 4 pegs for it to function smoothly and with consistency. Allah Ta’ala allows this world to run smoothly because of these four special individuals who are the Awtaad, and Allah has positioned each of them in the four corners of the world. One is stationed in the east, the other in the west, another in the north and the other in the south. The leader and the head of all the above mentioned servants, i.e. the Awliyaa, the Abdaal and the Awtaad is the Qutub. He is an individual who is the most pious and closest servant to Allah Ta’ala existing on earth. There is only one Qutub in each time and era. When the Qutub of the time passes away, the most senior Abdaal becomes the next Qutub and the most pious Wali becomes the next Abdaal. There is no explicit mention of where a Qutub exists.


... and Allah Ta'ala Knows Best

Source: Majmauz-rasaail ibn Abideen vol.2 pg.264

Friday, May 18, 2007

Imam Shafi'ee Rahmatullahi 'alayh

Imam Muhammad Ibn Idress Shafi’ee was born in Ghazah, Palestine in the year 150 AH. Imam Shafi’ee was a descendent from the Hashimi family of the Quaraish tribe to which the Holy Prophet (SAW) belonged. His father died around the time of his birth and his mother migrated to Makkah with Imam Shafi’ee when he was 2.years of age.

During his youth he excelled in 2 activities: acquisition of deeni ilm and archery. By the age of 7 Imam Shafi’ee had memorised the Qur’an and at ten years of age he had committed the Mu’atta of Imam Malik to memory.

At the age of 13 with his mother’s permission Imam Shafi’ee departed Makkah arrived in Madinah at the door of Imam Malik.

Teachers

  • His uncle, Muhammed Ibn Ali Ibn Shafi’ee
  • Imam Malik
  • Imam Muhammad ibnul Hassan Shaybanee
  • Imam Waqee’
  • Imam Sufyan ibn Uyaynah

Imam Shafi’ee is reported to have written over 150 books.

Imam Shafi’ee was an expert in both Hanafi and Maliki fiqh. From which came about the Shafi’ee fiqh, which was spread by his students.


He is a great role model, for both men and women. Never did he speak a lie, and his hands reached out to the poor generously.


Imam Muhammad said about him: The door of Fiqh was shut to the people, Allah opened it because of Shafi'ee.


He died in Cairo, Egypt, on FRIDAY evening after Maghrib, in RAJAB, 204 A.H. after a short illness at the age of 54 years


Biographies menu

Saturday, May 05, 2007

Lustful Glances and Illicit Relationships

In this day an age, the temptation towards to opposite gender is extremely severe, particularly for those people treading the path of piety. Shaytaan traps the nafs quickly in this temptation because the apparent hindrances seem less. He makes one guilty of casting lustful glances towards non-mahrams (any person of the opposite gender with whom marriage is permissible).

Maulana Ashraf Ali Thanwi (RA) writes:

1. The harms and calamities caused by having any kind of relationship with non-mahrams whether by looking at them, speaking to them to soothe oneself, or sitting by them in solitude or by beautifying one’s clothes to please or to speak gently with them are so serious that I cannot pen them down.

2. Illicit relationships are a form of ‘azaab-e-Ilaahi (Divine Punishment). Just as a person will be restless in hell-he will neither die nor live, similarly, after casting lustful glances, a person
becomes involved in illicit fascinations and becomes restless and uneasy. He is completely deprived of a peaceful sleep. Both his secular and religious life is destroyed. Eventually he is admitted to an asylum. Today a large percentage of mental hospital patients are those who
became insane after watching videos, movies, television, and reading lewd novels, etc…

3. After casting lustful glances and having evil thoughts, if the consequence is the act of sin, then both the participants become eternally despised. They will not even be able to look at each other in the eye. Just as a kind father wants his son to live a life of respect and not be involved in any despicable sin, likewise Allah’s infinite mercy also requires that His servants do not become immersed in any detested act and disgrace themselves. They should live a life of piety, respect, contentment with halal, and patience in abstaining from haram. The people of this world cool their eyes with worldly pleasures while the special servants of Allah cool their eyes with
the worship and zikr or Allah, which is everlasting and eternal. Worldly pleasures are enveloped by thousands of calamities and are temporal.

Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi WA Sallam) has cursed the one who casts evil glances and the one who is looked at by invoking the curse of Allah upon these people. People who fear the curse of the pious Auliyaa’ should be more afraid of the curse of Allah’s messenger (Sallallahu Alaihi WA Sallam). May Allah protect us.

The temporal beauty that will only last a few days makes one go insane. After a few days, the contours of the face change and the features become unattractive in old age. How many youth have destroyed their lives due to this fatal illness!

Allah is fully aware of those who cast evil glances as is clearly stated in the Quran. Allah knows very well the doings of your eyes. Why did Allah express the act of casting evil glances with the word “San’at” (to make) in Surah Al-Mu’minun? The reason is that the one who casts lustful glances makes different images and pictures of the object of his desire in his mind. Sometimes he kisses in his imagination, at other times he embraces, and so on. Therefore, Allah mentioned that He is fully aware of all these different acts. Allamah Aalusi (RA) explains in his tafseer Ruh-ul-M’aani under four headings:

a) Allah is aware of how you maneuver your gaze and look with lustful eyes.

b) The one who casts evil glances uses all five senses. Allah is aware of all this. Allah is watching the use of his senses, in smelling, hearing and looking etc…

c) Allah is fully aware of the movements of all the limbs. Allah is watching how he uses his limbs to obtain and fulfill his desires.

d) Allah is aware of his final aim, which is adultery or fornication. This informative sentence has a threat concealed within it, that is, he will be punished severely.

I have come across many victims of evil glances and fantasizing throughout my life and all of them admitted that their lives were bitter, they lost sleep, they were anxious and uneasy, they were suicidal, their health deteriorated, their hearts were full of fear, they became physically and mentally weak. I always believed that these are various forms of punishment from Allah for this fascination and handing over one’s heart to anything or anyone other than Allah.

The attractive people that are walking around today on earth will one day be reduced to dirt in the grave. After their death, if you happen to open their graves, you will only find dirt. One might ask, “Where are the rosy cheeks, the red lips, the flowing hair, and the soft skin?” In the grave, it will all be the same. None of the body parts can be distinguished. Allah has placed beauty on in this “dirt” to see who will die for this temporal beauty and who will sacrifice their life for Allah and His messenger (Sallallahu Alaihi Wa Sallam). Had this glitter and glamor not been placed in this “dirt” then what test would there have been? Therefore, do not be deceived by this glamor.

-Bad Nigaahi Wa ‘Ishq-e-Majaazi ke Tabaah Kaariyaan Aur Unka ‘Ilaaj

(Evil Glances and Illicit Love: Harms and Cure)


Source: An Noor

Saturday, April 28, 2007

Naseehat for Young Wives

Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) said that if he had to order any person to prostrate (make sajdah) for another person, and if this was permissible, he would have commanded the wife to make sajdah to her husband.

This o­ne Hadith is more than adequate to show the high rank which the husband has over his wife. Besides this Hadith, there are numerous other Ahadith as well as Qur’aanic aayaat which declare the higher rank of the husband with emphasis and clarity.


MARRIAGES

In this age of western liberalism which has been adopted by Muslims, the very same evil trend of marriages collapsing and ending in divorce for sport and fun, has overtaken the Muslim community. No longer is Nikah and the home regarded as the holy institutions which Islam has ordained. In addition to the evil of western liberalism another factor which is increasingly contributing to the break down in marriages is the misconception of their rights which girls gain from girls madrasahs.


RIGHTS

They emerge from the madrasahs having understood o­nly that they have rights — that the Shariah has given them Waajib rights — that it is not necessary for them to do domestic chores — that instead of them being servants in the marital home, o­n the contrary, their husbands should be their servants. While they learn about their right of a separate home, away from their in-laws, they are not taught that Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) warned: "Woman! Your husband is either your Jannat or your Jahannam."

While they emerge from the madrasah with the idea firmly embedded in their minds that they are not obliged to render any service to their mothers-in-law, they are not taught that Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) warned:

"Neither the Fardh nor Nafl Salaat (nor any act of ibaadat) is accepted of the wife who has displeased her husband."

Girls who marry in this age are obsessed with their rights. They enter into marriage with the idea of severing the holy relationship which their husbands have with their parents and family members. From the very first day a young wife arrives at her husband’s home, she initiates her scheme of achieving separation from her in-laws. In the process of conniving to be separated from her parents-in-law, she creates many upheavals in the home, leading to rupture in relationships and misery. Even if she ultimately succeeds in her scheme, she departs from the home of the in-laws leaving behind a legacy of bitterness, enmity and misery.


TALAAQ

In many cases the marriage simply ends in Talaaq. It is imperative that the seniors of the young girls explain to them what exactly Nikah and making a home are. Some girls enter into Nikah understanding that it is freedom from parental control and freedom to wander around. When they realise that they have simply passed from o­ne control to another control, they become rebellious and the worst of nafsaaniyat surfaces to ruin the marriage.


AKHLAAQ

It is essential that young wives and prospective wives understand that marriage is a holy bond. A happy marriage is not based o­n demanding rights. Happiness in a marriage is the product of understanding, patience, toleration, refraining from demanding rights, service to in-laws and total obedience to the husband. Without display of good conduct, happiness in marriage is not possible.


HOME

The young wife should understand that o­nce she has married, her new and permanent home is the home her husband places her in, whether it is a separate house or the home of his parents. His parents are now her parents. Her parents have become strangers to her. The home of her parents is no longer her home. She cannot hope to gain happiness by keeping o­ne leg in the home of her parents and o­ne leg in her marital home.


HAPPINESS

She will not gain happiness if she gives preference to her family over her husband’s family. If her husband is disinclined towards her parents, brothers, etc., and for some reason, whether right or wrong, annoyed with them, his wife should not stand up in defence of them. She should understand that she has to pass her life with her husband, not with her parents or her brothers. Even if her husband unjustly speaks ill of her parents and brothers, she should not display annoyance. She should not pull up her face nor make any comment which will inflame him. She should employ her intelligence, be it defective, and convey to her husband that she is o­n his side, not o­n the side of her family, because now her o­nly family is her husband’s family. Allah Ta’ala will take her husband to task for his injustices. It is not her concern. Her concern is to serve her husband, keep him happy and please him in all lawful things.


ALLAH’S COMMAND

It is Allah and it is His Rasool (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) who have commanded that the wife submits fully to her husband and keeps him happy. Her happiness (her Jannat) is inextricably interwoven with his pleasure. By serving his parents, she serves her husband. And, this sacred serfdom should be her honour. She should not view marriage, home and husband through the coloured glasses of the immoral libertine cult of westernism which has overrun even Muslim society in this age.


DIVINE PLEASURE

In serving her parents-in-law, she is not lowering her dignity in any way. She gains tremendous thawaab thereby. Such service is based o­n the bond she has with her husband. Such service cultivates her husband’s pleasure which in turn brings for her the wonderful Ni’mat of Allah’s Pleasure. She will gain more Divine Pleasure and thawaab out of service to her in-laws than from Nafl acts of ibaadat. o­n the contrary, Allah’s Pleasure is denied to her if she displeases her parents-in-law because such displeasure leads to the displeasure of her husband, and his displeasure brings about Allah’s Displeasure. In the wake of Allah’s Displeasure come His Ghadhab (Wrath) and La’nat (Curse).


INGRATITUDE

The attitude which is common to almost all wives is their ingratitude to their husbands. It is o­n account of this evil attitude that Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) said that most inmates of Jahannum will be women. Wives should heed this warning of Nabi-e-Kareem (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) and struggle against the nafs when this vile emotional urge develops.


MASTER

If the wife o­nly utilizes a bit of intelligence and keeps her in-laws happy by serving them and tolerating their indiscretion and even injustices, she will ultimately become their master. In fact, she will become the master of even her husband. The magnanimity of her heart will win them all over. They will then adore her and serve her. Allah’s aid and special rahmat will be with her. The hearts of people are in His control. If the wife submits to her husband and his whims and fancies, for the Sake of Allah’s Pleasure and in obedience to the numerous advices and exhortations of Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam), she will attain happiness and Jannat in this world.

If she desires the rewards of Jihaad and the ranks of Shahaadat (Martyrdom), she has to wage jihaad against her nafs in the struggle to gain her husband’s pleasure which is the most important and the o­nly bridge for her to gain Divine Pleasure.


ADMONITION FOR HUSBANDS

The Naseehat offered o­n this page to wives is not a licence for husbands to commit zulm (injustice). In so far as husbands are concerned, there is a host of warnings, admonition and exhortations in the Qur’aan and Hadith which they have to observe in order to gain Allah’s Pleasure and to be saved from His Wrath for any injustices which they may commit against their wives.

Husbands should remember that violation of the huqooq of their wives is a major sin and the consequences of this will not be escaped in Qiyaamah. While wives should not be concerned with the errors and faults of their husbands, the latter should not focus their gazes o­n the wife’s subservience commanded for husbands by the Shariah.

Both husband and wife should look to the Shariah and see what the Qur’aan and Sunnah expect of them. This is the prescription for happiness o­n earth, Divine Pleasure and happiness in the Aakhirah.